Nonlinear Control of a Planar Free Link under a Nonholonomic Constraint

Naoji Shiroma, Hirohiko Arai and Kazuo Tanie

Proceedings of 8th International Conference on Advanced Robotics (ICAR'97), pp.103-109, Monterey, California, July 1997.


Control of a manipulator with a passive joint which has neither an actuator nor a holding brake is investigated. The manipulator has three degrees of freedom in a horizontal plane, with the third joint being passive. The dynamic constraint on the free link is 2nd-order nonholonomic. A trajectory for positioning is composed of simple translational and rotational trajectory segments. The trajectory segments are stabilized by nonlinear feedback, considering the motion of the center of percussion of the free link. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the planned trajectory and the feedback control law.


Nonholonomic Constraint, Nonlinear Control, Underactuated Manipulator